Despite increased sanctions, Iran has become one of the largest producers of specialty petroleum products in the world by producing scarce petroleum products such as petrol helicopters, passenger aircraft, liquefied petroleum, granular sulfur, and the new generation of polymers in oil refineries.
As diversification of Iran’s crude oil refining capacity and production of petroleum products instead of crude oil as one of the scenarios for dealing with Iran’s oil embargo, diversification of the country’s oil refinery portfolio is also on the agenda.
Accordingly, with the launch of a new gasoline project, optimizing and improving the quality of petroleum products in oil refineries, although all experts have been looking to increase gasoline and diesel production to 5 million liters, Iran has produced scarce and new oil refinery strategies has done.
Hence, by reducing the share of production of low economic value added products such as kiln oil, kerosene, bitumen and some distillate oil residues, Iran not only increases the production capacity of high quality sulfur-free gasoline and diesel, but also low and expensive products such as Types of gasoline grades fuel aircraft, helicopters, granular sulfur, petrochemical and polymer products.
In order to implement this macro policy, by utilizing the remaining refinery development plans, the share of the furnace oil will be reduced from 2 million liters per year to approximately 2 to 5 million liters by the end of the year and the production capacity of kerosene from 2 to 5 million liters.
Iran’s largest producer of aircraft gasoline in the Middle East
Iran has become one of the largest producers of aircraft, spacecraft and jet fuel with the latest standard set by IATA, the International Air Transport Association, at the level of the Middle East region, after the embargo on aircraft fuel sales.
Alireza Zioghmi, CEO of the National Oil Refining and Distribution Company, said that in the current situation Iran not only has no restrictions on the production of aircraft fuel but also has the opportunity to export this strategic petroleum product. Million liters of fuel for all types of passenger, cargo and jet aircraft are provided domestically.
At present, an average of between 1.5 and 3 million liters of fuel is delivered daily to the country’s four air refueling centers, which recently began supplying and distributing petroleum products at European Union and European Union standards at various airports in the country.
Imports of helicopter gasoline stopped
The second scarce petroleum product to be produced today in the country’s oil refineries is the “LL100” gasoline, which is widely used in the air fleet, especially the helicopter fleet, training, relief and small training aircraft and spraying.
Deputy Minister of Petroleum Zaghami stated that last year, with the launch of Phase III of the Abadan Oil Refinery Development and Renovation Project, virtually all helicopters were fully self-sufficient in gasoline production. The country’s helicopters will be fully fueled for a year.
Estimates show that, with the launch of the second phase of the Abadan Refinery Phase III Development Alkylation Unit, capacity will be provided to produce 2 million liters of helicopter fuel per day.
The helicopter gasoline produced at the Middle East’s oldest oil refinery is produced to the latest world standards, while the feed for the third phase of the Abadan refinery development is supplied by liquefied petroleum gas and some of its four-carbon cuts.
Details of the new generation of oil refineries
One of the indicators of the high economic justification and profitability of oil refinery activity is the increase in production of valuable products such as gasoline, diesel and petrochemical fuels with the launch of petroleum refineries.
Therefore, the first Iranian Petroleum Refinery Complex at Imam Khomeini Refinery in Shazand will be launched in April this year with a production capacity of 1.5 million liters per day and it is expected that the second Petro Refinery Complex will be launched soon in Abadan Refinery.
On the other hand, this year, Iran’s third petroleum refinery project will be launched at Tabriz Oil Refinery with the separation of “benzene” from petroleum products, which also has an annual production capacity of about 2,000 barrels of benzene as a petrochemical product.
With the separation of benzene from gasoline, in addition to the qualitative and environmental improvement of gasoline, there is an additional capacity for the production of benzene in the Tabriz refinery and its transfer to Tabriz Petrochemical Company.
Production of yellow gold in oil refineries
In most developed countries of the world, especially in the European Union, sulfur separation from petroleum products has become a major environmental priority of these countries in recent years.
There are currently no official statistics on Iran’s sulfur emissions through oil, gas, petrochemicals and petroleum products, but since last year, sulfur has been significantly increased by separating petroleum products and by increasing the country’s sulfur production capacity has found.
At present, Iran’s capacity to produce granular sulfur in oil refineries has increased to more than 1,600 tonnes per day, which is expected to increase to 8 tonnes per day.
Thus, the government has targeted two programs with the separation of sulfur with one shot, the first being to minimize the pollution of petroleum products and the second by exporting yellow gold to countries such as China, India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and some Arab countries surplus economy .