What are Crafts?
Crafts in general can be described as “the use of people’s handicrafts through native tools and materials that produce an artistic industry”.
The craftsmanship with the variety of today’s products is endless, not only are they different from other products in the manufacturing process, but they induce a different attitude to the enthusiasts of the art. But the distinction of these crafts with today’s products is not summarized in the production process. And other things, such as the specific culture of that art and the cultural thinking and antiquity of the region in which these handicrafts are also reflected, so that the art of the craft is not as a commodity but as an exchange Consider national and cultural value.
Great scholars and writers such as Tyler in the 9th and 6th centuries introduce art to the complexities of the traditions and cultures of a society, including Iran, with a rich cultural and historical background, one of the forerunners of this industry’s past centuries. To date, the art of handicraft has been incorporated in four different types of art in the country.
Each art must have characteristics that, in accordance with the specific frameworks of the World Trade Organization and other common factors, we intend to enumerate the characteristics of an art in the craft.
Perform part of basic stages of production by hand, tools and hand tools.
There are several steps involved in producing each of the hand-made products, but not all of these steps are required by hand and tools.
If only a part of the basic stages of production is done in this way, the product produced according to the features mentioned if these factors can be considered a product in the art category of the craft.
The effective and creative presence of man in the production and shaping of art has been designed, enabling the diversification and implementation of various designs during the production of various artistic products.
The creation or productivity of native raw materials
Applying cultural principles and creating indigenous and national cultural images
Cost-effectiveness compared to other products
Ability to create productive development platforms in similar native areas
Ability to transfer the production process through family or cultural transfer principles of the area such as apprentice and professor
In the handicrafts due to the different differences in the dimensions and types of these handicrafts from the perspective of the World Trade Organization, they fall into the following rows:
Manufacture of other handicrafts
Manufacturing of ornaments
Manufacture of other handicrafts
Making artistic and artistic objects
Manufacture of metal products and alloys
Wood carving and carving on wood
Joinery on wood
Engraving and milling for stone
Engraving on metals and alloys
Manufacture of leather and leather products
Ceramics and ceramics
Manufacture of leather and leather products
Top Crafts of the country:
Now that we have become familiar with the handicrafts, we must realize that, amidst the great Fuji of the craft, some of these industries have received special attention from Iranian and international audiences and enthusiasts, which we will discuss in the text below.
The cultural symbol of the country in the handicrafts can be measured by various indicators, but it is usually a product that represents this cultural and artistic world.
Handmade carpet and rug is a symbol that has been a symbol of Iranian and Iranian ethnicity since ancient times, and this popularity has been accepted internationally by accepting Iranian carpet as the most beautiful and highest quality in the field of handicrafts.
Iranian handmade carpets, unique in design and relying on the tradition of exotic and sometimes ethnic and national designs, reached their peak in the 5th century, and to this day Iranian handmade carpets such as carpet, carpet and rug It is one of the most popular handicrafts in the world.
Copper and glass containers:
One of the most ancient Iranian technologies is the technology of producing copper and glass containers and molding in the past centuries with special design.
Glass making is one of the most advanced human-made technology in the world, not only in Iran, but in the world as well.
But the heyday of this industry after many ups and downs can be traced back to the Seljuk era
During this period, the Iranians transformed the industry into a high-tech one by developing technology for shaping and creating prominent roles on glass.
Also known as the first metalworkers, and especially the metalworkers, were Iranians, who told the artisans that, due to their immense abilities such as microbial detoxification in food, the ability to withstand high temperatures and beautiful shapes rapidly spread this art in Different countries around the world.
These copper utensils with various medical elements and medical-art features have now become very popular among handicrafts, with Iran having a large share in the industry.
Ceramics and pottery:
Ceramics is one of the oldest design arts in Iran and its use in various historical and cultural artifacts as well as its role in making decorative and applied tools have made it popular throughout the world, making Iran a significant market share. Is dedicated.
The science of pottery and pottery was created by making mud pots that can be named after pottery and earthenware that have been used since ancient times.
It is one of the earliest potentially advanced ancient industries, dating from the 5,000 years of the oldest pottery workshops in the world.
Also, tile etchings using ceramics and tiles have been used to design and color, and have now adorned many of our historical symbols.
Mosaic and enamel artwork:
Iran is one of the leading exporter of enameled wood and mosaic designed wood, which, with its fine art, blurs the eyes of every viewer.
This style of craftsmanship has created a variety of reflections over time in terms of application and type of design because of its functional similarity to other crafts such as mosaic tiling.
Wooden art is one of the most popular symbols of Iranian handicrafts in the world with a variety of effects and use in various works, making a significant contribution to the country’s export industry.
Expensive alloys and, of course, very elegant and beautiful have long been one of the favorite industries of Iranians and other countries.
In Iran, western and southern cities with different alloys of different genres such as gold, silver, turquoise and so on began to produce and create a variety of ornaments with different designs and styles of native culture and art.
Used in the past centuries in the form of blends with local clothing, these jewelry have played an important role in the customs and symbols of various Iranian ethnicities, creating a culture based on this particular type of clothing and distinguishing them from one another.
These ornaments and the design and decoration of these precious metals have attracted the attention of various neighboring countries and other parts of the world, and have become a luxury and popular craft over the past centuries, and today people are part of their authentic designs.
The art of embroidery, which dates back to 5 BC, is one of the most famous works of Iranian embroidery.
This art is done with a very simple tool, which actually creates artwork on the fabrics using silk yarns and various colors, which are usually of the highest quality in their original material. Is in use.
This type of art has been used in various types of decorations such as: clothes, skirts, curtains, etc.
This art in the history of Iran has become one of the main pillars of Iranian handicrafts in the history of Iran and has introduced the world to its art through export and has attracted a large audience.
This industry, dating back to the Parthian period, is one of the oldest forms of decorative art in the art, making it the target audience of this art due to Iran’s ancient craftsmanship in this field. Art has progressed as far as the Timurid period in decorating the Kaaba’s home with the use of an embroidered tapestry, which gave the Kaaba a very unique look and effect. And shiny like gold and silver, alloyed later in the century to create more general use among the people. Others, which were available at a lower price but with the same beauty, have been used to create decorative roles.
With a strong potential from centuries to the present day, Iran is one of the largest and most famous exporters of handmade industries, such as handmade art.
Iran’s largest importer of decorative industries + Introduction; Top Handicrafts of the country
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